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Gurbani Raag Jaijaivanti


Jaijavanti was used only by Guru Tegh Bahadur for four hymns. This raga does not appear in the Ragmala but was known as Javanta as early as the 14th century. Today it is regarded as an important raga belonging to the Khainaj thata. This majestic and highly arresting raga is assigned to the night hours.

 Aroh : Sa, Re Ga Ma Pa, Ni Sa

Avroh : Sa Ni Dha Pa, Dha Ma, Re Ga Re Sa

Pakar : Re Ga Re Sa, Ni Dha Pa Re

Vadi .: Re

Samvadi : Pa

Introduction :

According to Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha this raga is a mixture of Bilawal and Sorath ragas. There is no mention of this raga in any ancient book of Indian music. According to Dr. Rattan Singh jaggi, this raga belongs to Kmach thata.

This raga is not mentioned in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.

The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:

Arohi (ascending scale) - re ga re sa , re ga, ma pa dha pa, ni sa Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa, dha ma ga re, re ga re sa

The vadi (most popular) note is 're' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'pa'.

This raga is sung in the first part of the night i.e., 6 p.m. 9 p.m. The season of its recitation is summer (grikham) i.e., during May - June. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1352 - 1353 ( 2 page).

The Composers:

The composers of bard (hymns) in this raga are:

Gurus

  • Tegh Bahadur

Bhagats:

There is no Bhagat Bard in this raga

The structure:

The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:

Gurubani:

  • Shabads (2 padas)

Bhagatbani: na

Matrix

VISUAL ANALYSIS

Count of the use of Managals:

  • Complete Mool Mantar = 1 at page 1352
  • Ik ongkar Satgur Prasadh = nil

Placement and count of rahau verses:

Like Guru Tegh Bahadur's other compositions in the Granth, all shabads have numbered rahau verses and are placed in the beginning of the shabads.

Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:

Page number Heading/Subheading

1352 Raga Jaijaiwanti Mehla 9

Composers Structure of Bani

 

Padas

 

 

 

 

Specialist

Ashtpadis

Specialist

Chts

Sohle**

Var

Sloaks*

Gurus

2

3

4

5

6

Titled

8 (padas)

 

 

 

 

 

Tegh

Bahadur

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Excerpts taken from:
Guru Granth Sahib: An Advance Study
Dr Sukhbir Singh Kapoor
Vice Chancellor World Sikh University, London

 



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