Sundar Gutka

Sunder Gutka is a collection of Banis or hymns that form the core of a complete Sikh Daily Prayer. These sacred hymns contain a power to transform our lives completely by bringing an unmatched spiritual elevation in even the most ordinary of minds. Gurbani or the Divine Word contains the instructions and divine guidance revealed directly by God through the Gurus and other pious saintly beings. They show the righteous path of life and give direction to the wandering souls in quest of finding the real meaning of life. These hymns deliver a message which is of eternal relevance irrespective of the caste, creed, religion, age or location of a person.

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Japji Sahib is the first sacred composition found in the main Sikh holy scripture called the Guru Granth Sahib. It is a famous and concise summary of the Sikh philosophy which was compiled by the founder of Sikhism and the first spiritual guide of the Sikhs known worldwide as Guru Nanak. It begins with Mool Mantra and then follow 38 paudis (stanzas) and completed with a final Salok at the end of this composition. The 38 stanzas are in different poetic meters.
Jaap is the bani (set of hymns) uttered by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Sikh Guru, the Tenth Nanak. It is the first bani recorded in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji from Page 1. It is one of the Five Banis recited by most Sikhs each morning and the bani that the Panj Pyare recite while preparing Amrit on the occasion of Amrit Sanchaar (Sikh Initiation), a ceremony held to admit initiates into the Khalsa Brotherhood. It is the second bani of the five in the daily morning prayer routine of a Sikh.
Tav-Prasad Savaiye is a short composition of 10 stanzas which is part of daily liturgy among Sikhs (Nitnem). It was penned down by Guru Gobind Singh and is part of his composition Akal Ustat (The praise of God)
Benti Chaupai or Chaupai sahib is a prayer or Bani composed by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. This Bani is present in Charitar 404 of the Sri Dasam Granth Saahib Ji in Bani Ath Pakhyan Chairtar Likhyatey. This Bani is one of the five Banis recited by the initiated Sikh every morning. It is also a part of the evening prayer of the Sikhs called Rehraas sahib. The Benti Chaupee can be read at any time during the day to provide protection, positive focus, and energy.
Anand Sahib: This Bani is part of the Nitnem (prayers) which are read by Sikhs in the morning. This Bani was written by Guru Amar Das Ji, the third Guru of the Sikhs and forms part of the 5 Baanis that are recited daily by Sikhs. It is said that the person who recites this Holy Baani daily with dedication, attention, and comprehension, will achieve Anand (Complete Happiness or Bliss) in life.
Rehiras Sahib is the evening prayer of the Sikhs, which speaks of the greatness of Waheguru. As recorded in the Guru Granth Sahib, it contains the hymns of four different Gurus; Guru Nanak, Guru Amardas, Guru Ramdas and Guru Arjan Dev. Now part of the Rehiras Sahib the Benti Chaupai, attributed to Guru Gobind Singh was added to the Bani in the late 19th century. The verse speaks of the greatness of Waheguru and the ways in which ones actions assists one in attaining spiritual enlightenment, liberating one's mind and soul. 
Kirtan Sohila: This is the night time prayer said by all Sikhs before they go to sleep. Three Sikh Gurus – Guru Nanak, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan - contributed five shabads in total to this bani on the pain of separation and celebrating the bliss of union with Almighty.


The Anand Sahib of Guru Amardas is a literary masterpiece of devotional poetry; its aesthetic and symbolic elements will please the literary critic. The Anand reassures every one that they can experience both joy and bliss, without sacrificing the normal comfort and pleasures of life. Bliss is the destiny of man, Pain and suffering, though unavoidable, do not disturb the inner peace of that person who leads a purposeful and pious life, by obeying the Guru's discipline.
Aarti (also spelled arti, arati, arathi, aarthi) is spiritual term which means "To Unite with". Aa means To come and Rati means To Unite. In Gurmat, Soul is genderless. The hymns are composed Soul being feminine as well as Masculine where Aarti as well as Aarta terms are used respectively.
Guru Ram Das Sahib composed a beautiful bani called Laavan about the meaning of marriage to a Sikh couple – Effectively, the Guru defines a Sikh marriage in these 2 lines: "They are not said to be husband and wife who merely sit together. Rather they alone are called husband and wife, who have one soul in two bodies."
Asa-di-Vaar---means A ballad of hope; it is one of the basic sacred compositions for the Sikhs and is sung every morning in congregation in gurdwaras. The Var is an heroic ode which describes the brave deeds of a hero. It consists of 24 stanzas (Pauris) and 44 Staves (Salokas) and was originated by Guru Nanak later, Guru Angad added another 15 staves of his own
The word 'Sukhmani' means the psalm of equipoise or jewel of bliss. The Sukhmani Sahib has structural unity. It has 24 staves (Salokas), one of which begins each canto. There are 24 cantos, each containing 8 stanzas. Each stanza has ten lines, that is five couplets. There is also the unity of theme: the perfection of man mentally. morally and spiritually. The stave of each canto gives the gist of the stanzas that follow.
The Sidh Gosht (Dialogue With The Siddhas) is a pious Bani that recounts a meeting of Guru Nanak Dev Ji with a group of Hindu ascetics (siddhs) who had renounced the world, living in the caves of the Himalayas.
Ramkali Sadh, by Sundar, is an "elegy" (sadd, in Punjabi) included in the Guru Granth Sahib in Raag Ramkali . Sadd is a form of folk poetry prevalent in rural Punjab. Literally the term means an invocation call, hark or cry. This narration tells Sikh attitude towards physical death of a Gurmukh.It also narrates events of succession of Guru Ram Das over Guru Amar Das.
Dhaknee Oankaru is a composition of Guru Nanak`s in the measure Ramkali in the Guru Granth Sahib. It is called dakhani because it was addressed to the priest of the Oarikar temple in the dakhan (South), on an island in the river Narmada, in Madhya Pradesh.
Baavan Akhree, is composition fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev It is a poem constructed upon 52 (bavan) letters (akhar) of the alphabet. In this form of poetry each verse begins serially with a letter of the alphabet and comprises fifty five pauris or stanzas of eight lines each, preceded by slokas.
Shabad Hazaray is the Bani of longing for the beloved Guru. It was written by Guru Arjan when he was separated from Guru Ram Das, his father for a duration of time. During that period of separation he sent these three letters to his beloved Guru and father expressing his longing for the "blessed vision of the Guru".
Bara Maha, is a form of folk poetry in which the emotions and yearnings of the human heart are expressed in terms of the changing moods of Nature over the twelve months of the year.
Dukh Bhanjani is a paath (composition of sacred hymns) put together as they all address the same purpose. All the shabads in this paath are composed by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev in three raags - Raga Gauri,Raga Bilaval and Raga Sorath. This paath is done to alleviate any form of ailment ("dukh") or hardship experienced by them. The word 'dukh' means a hardship or ailment or suffering causing a pain. The word 'bhanjani' means destroyer or crusher; hence the phrase "dukh bhanjani" means "Destroyer of Pain". All the shabads in this composition are chosen at achieving this goal
ਗਾਥਾ - GATHAA
Gathaa, title of Guru Arjan`s composition comprising twenty-four verses included in the Guru Granth Sahib in the praise of God and the importance of devotion to Him.
ਚਉਬੋਲੇ  - CHAUBOLAY M:5
Salok Mahalla 9, i.e. slokas of the composition of Guru Tegh Bahadur , form the concluding portion of the Guru Granth Sahib, preceding Guru Arjan`s Mundavani. The 57 slokas comprise some of the most moving poetry in the Guru Granth Sahib. Their music, imagery and other poetic features combine to capture the experience of life with lyrical intensity.


The word "Akal" means the "timeless primal being" and the word "Ustat" means "praise". So together the words "Akal Ustat" means the "praise of the Almighty God". Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru writes praises of God with love and dedication saying that God is worshipped by various peoples in many different ways and with varying names and methods.
Bachitar Natak is an autobiography narrated by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, about the first 32 years of his life. The Guru has outlined the circumstances and history of the time and how great courage and strength was required to overcome the many hurdles that were upon the community
Shabad Hazaarey Patshahi Dasvin are composed in nine different ragas and are in the style of the Bishanpadas. In these Guru Ji has given expression to his philosophical and spiritual beliefs.